Behavioral and Psychiatric Window Checklist
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Consider these items in product selection and specification provisions.


  • Staff supervision, objects available to patients, and intercession policies are critical to design.
  • Visit the NY State Office of Mental Health website, researched and maintained by Lomonaco and Pitts, P.C. dba Architecture Plus of Troy, New York, for product recommendations
  • Key design feature: Between-glass blinds for the therapeutic value of patient control (privacy, shading, view) and a homelike atmosphere
  • Seclusion rooms versus day rooms - Adaptive re-use is often a key consideration; future change in occupancy.

Performance and Product Features

  • Human impact “drop-tested” per AAMA 501.8-12 -Wausau 400i-DT and 2187-DT
  • Tamper-resistance and tools - Prying is the #1 threat, hence overlap sash are preferable to flush sash.
  • Room inventory for potential attack objects (detention-grade)
  • Flame and smoking materials - Aerosol or spray VOCs
  • Chemical resistance - Cleaning solvents and biologicals
  • Ligature risk - Radius corners on overlap sash - Selection of VB control knobs
  • Abrasion resistance of anodized finishes at interior
  • Pica behavior - Ingestion of glazing materials and interior paints
  • Weaponization of removed materials, and passage of contraband
  • Emergency venting of combustion products and noxious odors
  • Clean-ability of exterior surfaces from the interior
  • Exterior exercise yard thrown-object resistance
  • ADA is usually not an issue - Staff operation only
  • Don't forget security of interior trim when remodeling - "No step" stool design

No environment can be made completely free of risk. Use engineering judgment and experience, supplemented by in-depth input from treatment and security staff at the specific facility. Every facility's policies and patients are different.

Questions? Contact Wausau's market manager at